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The Seventh-day Adventist Church is a Millennialist Protestant Christian denomination that was founded in the 1860s in the USA.The name Seventh-day Adventist is based on the Church's observance of the "biblical Sabbath" on Saturday, the seventh day of the week. "Advent" means coming and refers to their belief that Jesus Christ will soon return to this earth. Seventh-day Adventists differ in only four areas of beliefs from the mainstream Trinitarian Christian denominations.
These are the Sabbath day, the doctrine of the heavenly sanctuary, the status of the writings of Ellen White, and their doctrine of the second coming and millennium. Adventists live modest lives, with a strict code of ethics. They don't smoke or drink alcohol and recommend a vegetarian diet. Meat is permitted, but only following the Biblical commandments on clean and unclean food. Missionary work is very important to the Church and all Adventists believe they have a duty to share their beliefs with others.
There are approximately 18.5 (2014) million Seventh-day Adventists worldwide, with perhaps another 7 million people more loosely associated with the Church. There are nearly 25,000 Seventh-day Adventists in the UK, of which approximately 13,000 live in London where there are 60 congregations (2005 statistics). The Church is heavily involved in education with almost 7,000 schools around the world and over 100 colleges and universities. The Church also operates 785 medical facilities (2005 figures). In 2005 the Church elected a woman as one of its nine vice presidents; the first time a woman has been included in its top leadership.

+Seventh-day Adventists trace their origins to the teachings of the American preacher William Miller (1782-1849), who preached that the second coming, or "advent" of Jesus was imminent.Unfortunately, Jesus did not appear on the day in 1844 promised by Miller, which became known as the Great Disappointment, and many of his followers left his movement. Miller was followed by Ellen G. White (1827-1915), a visionary and prophet.

White taught that Jesus had indeed come again, but not to Earth. Jesus had actually returned to the "most holy place" of the heavenly temple. Jesus, she said, had started to "cleanse" the heavenly temple, and when he had done that, he would come to start cleansing the Earth. White also taught that the Sabbath should be held on Saturday. The years following the Great Disappointment were an unsuccessful time for Adventist numbers, although a time of great importance in the development of the doctrines on which the Church would be founded. By 1850 the group had about 300 members and no institutions, although it did have magazines and a hymnbook. But this proved a firm enough foundation, and by 1852 the movement had 15 ministers and was growing steadily. In 1861 the movement created a publishing company - the Seventh-day Adventist Publishing Association - and in 1863 it constituted itself as a denomination.
 In 1866 the movement began one of its most famous traditions when it founded its first healthcare institution (it now runs over 700 medical facilities). The Church bases its mission of bringing healing of body, mind, and spirit on the fact that Christ ministered to the whole person. The Church continued to refine its theology and practice, arriving at a definitive list by 1880.

The Seventh-day Adventists share most of their beliefs with the mainstream Christian churches, but have some extra beliefs of their own: Creation Salvation,
The Remnant, The Great Controversy, The Heavenly Sanctuary, The Sabbath, Prophecy, Death, Millennialism.

 Seventh-day Adventists believe in a literal and historical six-day creation.

SalvationThe Adventist doctrine of salvation is an entirely conventional one of salvation by grace through faith, although it is surrounded with some ideas that are outside the Christian mainstream.

The RemnantThe remnant is a church that has the duty of keeping faith in Jesus and obedience to God's commandments alive in this time when many people have abandoned true faith. This remnant announces the arrival of the judgment hour, proclaims salvation through Christ, and heralds the approach of the second coming.

The Great controversy  
The great controversy is the battle between Satan and Christ. Humanity is involved in this battle and should choose Christ.

THE heavenly sanctuary
The Old Testament teaches that the Aaronic priests ministered within a sanctuary.The correct understanding of the ministration in the heavenly sanctuary is the foundation of our faith. (Ellen G. White, Evangelism) The Old Testament teaches that the Aaronic priests ministered within a sanctuary. That sanctuary (a tabernacle or a temple) was a man-made version of the sanctuary that God created in Heaven, which is the Temple of God in Heaven; the place where God lives. Adventists believe that Christ, as the high priest of the new covenant, ministers in the heavenly sanctuary. He said to me, 'It will take 2,300 evenings and mornings; then the sanctuary will be reconsecrated. (Daniel 8:14)
We do have such a high priest, who sat down at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven, and who serves in the sanctuary, the true tabernacle set up by the Lord, not by man. (Hebrews 8: 1-2) The heavenly sanctuary has two areas - the holy place and the
most holy place. When Christ went from Earth to Heaven he went into the holy place. Adventists believe that after 2300 years (in 1844), Christ went into the most holy place to cleanse it before his second coming on Earth, and that while he is doing that, the Holy Spirit is working to cleanse God's people. Christ works in the heavenly sanctuary as both priest and sacrifice. His work in the heavenly sanctuary is a work of investigative judgment which reveals which of the dead are righteous and should be resurrected at the second coming, and which of the living are worthy of Heaven.
Those who pretended to be followers of God, but whose lives were not righteous, will be discovered by this investigation. Christ, however, cannot assure salvation for those who only profess to be Christians on the basis of how many good deeds they have performed. The heavenly records, therefore, are more than just a tool for sifting the genuine from the false. They also are the foundation for confirming the genuine believers before the angels. (2nd Fundamental Beliefs of Seventh-day Adventists)

The SabbathSeventh-day Adventists keep the Sabbath on Saturday - more specifically, from sunset on Friday to sunset on Saturday. (More on the Sabbath )

ProphecyProphecy is an important gift from God and is seen as an identifying mark of the remnant church. Adventists believe this gift was manifested in the ministry of Ellen G. White, whom they regard as the Lord's messenger.


Seventh-day Adventist beliefs about death are different from those of other Christian churches. Adventists do not believe that people go to Heaven or Hell when they die. They believe that the dead remain unconscious until the return of Christ in judgement. This doctrine was formulated in the middle of the 19th century and enabled the movement to argue against spiritualism, which had become very popular at that time. Adventists taught that since the dead stayed dead until the resurrection - which hadn't occurred - there was no surviving soul or spirit for the spiritualist mediums to contact, and therefore the spiritualists were simply peddling superstition. Adventists sometimes use the term "conditional immortality". This means that all human beings are mortals and die at the end of their life. But human beings who give their life to Christ will find that they are eventually resurrected to a new and immortal life. Sinners and unbelievers will ultimately die for eternity. Millennialism Adventists believe that the Second Coming of Christ will happen soon. Christ's return will be "will be literal, personal, visible, and worldwide". On that day the righteous dead will be resurrected and taken with him to heaven, together with the righteous living. The unrighteous will die.

For the Lord himself will come down from heaven, with a loud command, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet call of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will be with the Lord forever.(1 Thessalonians 4:16-18) The Second Coming is followed by a period of a thousand years (the Millennium) during which the earth is deserted except for Satan and his helpers, the righteous live with God in Heaven, and the "wicked dead" are judged.After the Millennium, Christ with his saints and the Holy City return to earth, the unrighteous dead are resurrected, and, together with Satan and his helpers, are destroyed by fire, leaving behind a universe without sin or sinners. (It's worth noting that this makes it absolutely clear that the wicked will be annihilated rather than tormented for eternity.) For the rest of time God and humanity will live together in a paradise.

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